Deputy Prime Minister Le Van Thanh yesterday signed decision No. 115/NQ-CP to launch the government’s action program for resolution No. 39/2021/QH15, issued by the National Assembly on November 13, 2021 on national land use planning in 2021-2030, with a vision for 2050 as well as the five-year national land use plan 2021-2025.
Accordingly, the government requests relevant government departments and agencies to develop their own action plans to complete the land legislation system synchronously to improve the efficiency of land use and management. State revenues from land resources should be regulated for a more logical distribution among the regions of the country to create equal development.
Stakeholder benefits should be balanced over time to convert land according to updated planning. In particular, the lives of people whose land is reclaimed must be guaranteed through a higher standard of living, more social protection for people under or below working age as well as for vulnerable people.
The resolution of the National Assembly clearly states that favorable conditions must be created so that those who wish to convert their land for use can carry out investment projects according to the plan. It is possible to flexibly transform the crop and livestock structure in up to 300,000 ha of rice land without changing the quality or land use status of this area, so that, the if necessary, the land can be returned to rice cultivation.
The conversion of rice land, especially wet rice cultivation, to non-agricultural or industrial land should be limited and strictly controlled.
Regulations on land reclamation and clearing for socio-economic infrastructure growth need to be completed. Sufficient land resources must be created around these important facilities. Rural and urban residential areas should be adjusted for land use rights auctions to increase land resource revenue.
Regulations on the transfer of land use rights also need to be finalized to ensure transparency and avoid loss of tax revenue.
It is necessary to devise criteria, limits and regulations on the proportions of investment per unit area to ensure effective management and economical use of land resources.
The government also requests that relevant government ministries and agencies focus on accelerating the digital transformation process so that by 2025, the national land database is complete, consistent and successfully integrated. Land management data should be updated at the plot level and then made public to the community and businesses.
In order to cope with climate change and restore degraded lands, the Government requires more rational exploitation of unused lands, alluvial lands along rivers and seas for reforestation; green spaces should be extended in urban areas and industrial parks; whether natural or special use, protection forests must be carefully managed.
Urban areas, industrial parks and export processing zones are encouraged to develop in the circular model to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and maintain sufficient land resources for inter-provincial processing and recycling plants garbage.
When selecting land use projects in environmentally sensitive areas, it is essential to consider those that use advanced technologies that limit emissions and prevent land degradation, land pollution.
The government is also asking ministries and public bodies to strengthen their discipline when drawing up land use plans and land use planning. There must be close monitoring and strict management of land waste, delays in the use of allocated or leased land.
All activities of land pollution or destruction, tax evasion in the transfer of land use rights, corruption and negativities in land management should be severely punished.