Hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees marked the fifth anniversary of their exodus from Myanmar to Bangladesh on Thursday, as the United States, European Union and other Western nations pledged continued support for the refugees’ pursuit. before international tribunals.
Bangladesh hosts more than a million Rohingya refugees who have fled Myanmar over the decades, including some 740,000 who crossed the border in August 2017 after the Myanmar military launched a ‘mine clearance’ against them following attacks by a rebel group. The security situation in Myanmar has deteriorated since the military coup last year, and attempts to remove them have failed.
In March, the United States declared the oppression of the Rohingya in Myanmar amounted to genocide after authorities confirmed accounts of mass atrocities against civilians by the Myanmar military in a widespread and systematic campaign against the ethnic minority. Muslim Rohingyas face widespread discrimination in Buddhist-majority Myanmar, where most are denied citizenship and many other rights.
Bangladeshi officials have expressed frustration over the repatriation of refugees to Myanmar after at least two failed attempts to return them since 2017, but Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has said their repatriation to their own land is the only solution to the crisis. . On the eve of the anniversary, Bangladesh’s Interior Minister Asaduzzaman Khan said in a statement that his country wants refugees to return to Myanmar safely.
“Bangladesh wants to ensure that the Rohingya can return home in safe conditions to Myanmar where they will no longer be persecuted and will finally receive citizenship,” he said.
“We urge the international community to work with us to provide support to the Rohingya people, pressing Myanmar to end the mass persecution and allow the Rohingyas to be safely returned to their homes. “Khan said. The issue of the Rohingya crisis has been taken to international courts where Myanmar has denied accusations of any wrongdoing. But world powers are not happy with Myanmar’s position. In a statement, US Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken said on Wednesday that the United States remains “committed to advancing justice and accountability” for the Rohingya and all people in Myanmar. “We continue to support the Independent Investigative Mechanism for Myanmar, the Genocide Convention case The Gambia has brought against Burma before the International Court of Justice, and credible courts around the world that are jurisdiction over cases involving atrocity crimes committed by the Burmese military,” Blinken said.
Furthermore, a joint statement by the High Representative on behalf of the European Union and the Foreign Ministers of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Norway, the United Kingdom and the United States stated that they remained concerned about the establishment by the UN Fact-Finding Mission of consistent patterns of serious human rights violations and abuses, many of which constitute serious crimes under the international law. “We also acknowledge other initiatives to hold perpetrators accountable, including Gambia’s efforts before the International Court of Justice, which is currently examining whether the atrocities committed by the Myanmar military against the Rohingya also constituted genocide.” , the statement said.
“We reaffirm that Myanmar must comply with the interim measures order of the International Court of Justice,” he said.
Bangladesh and Myanmar signed a bilateral agreement in November 2017, brokered by China, for the repatriation of refugees. Earlier this month, Bangladesh requested assistance from China to help repatriate Rohingyas to Myanmar during a visit by Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi.
(This story has not been edited by the Devdiscourse team and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)