VIETNAM, July 21 –
HÀ NỘI – Prime Minister Phạm Minh Chính highlighted the important role the state plays in land management during a national conference on a recently adopted resolution on the issue.
Speaking at the conference, Prime Minister Chính said the issue was difficult, complex and sensitive due to influences from the past, religion, ethnicity, socio-economic status, culture, defense and international concerns.
In June, Resolution 18-NQ/TW was issued by the Fifth Plenum of the Party’s Central Party, regarding: “Renovating and perfecting institutional mechanisms and policies, improving the effectiveness and efficiency of management and land use and create a driving force for our country to become a high-income developed country”.
Prime Minister Chính summarized several main contents in a presentation, highlighting the fundamental factors for building and perfecting land institutional mechanisms, the urgency of continuing to innovate, perfecting institutions and policies and improving the efficiency of land management.
Chính said that in the program of building the country during the transition period, the three important tasks are building socialist democracy, collective intelligence and combining national strength.
Referring to strategic breakthroughs in institution building, including land, human resources and strategic infrastructure, Chính said these issues are all related to the land issue.
He said land management is a “very complicated” issue that needs to be studied thoroughly.
“A lot of people are getting rich from the land, a lot of people are getting poor from the land. There is disunity and wrongdoing that comes from the land,” he said.
He reiterated the need to stick to reality in policy development and publication.
The Prime Minister also mentioned that many localities allow real estate exchanges with well-located land areas, when these areas should be used for production and manufacturing to create jobs.
“First of all, we need to create jobs from the land, not prioritizing real estate business,” Chính said.
The Resolution affirms the transversal vision of the Party on the earth; that it belongs to the people as a whole and that the State is the representative of the people and is responsible for land management.
The new point of this resolution is to clarify more clearly the role of the State as the representative of the “landowner” and the connotation and meaning of land ownership while establishing new requirements for publicity, transparency and responsibility in land acquisition.
The resolution means that higher tax rates are imposed on those who use large areas of land or who own multiple properties, those who speculate on land, who do not put the land to use as intended or who leave unused land.
The Party Central Committee also urged relevant bodies to draft property tax laws and policies with reference to international standards, but suited to development and domestic market conditions, with an achievable roadmap.
A fully fledged legal corridor for the real estate market should be established, with land use rights to be heavily commercialized. There must be policies to develop the market for land use rights, especially the market for renting agricultural land, according to the resolution.
While emphasizing the need to implement higher taxes so as to prevent real estate speculation, the Party Central Committee also demanded preferential property taxes and royalties for poverty-stricken areas, including for poor and minority ethnic groups.
The Party said people’s land use rights are protected by law, but reiterated that land use rights are not property rights. Nevertheless, specific rules should be enacted to protect the legitimate rights of land users and to prevent land-related corruption and improper retraction of people’s land use rights.
According to the resolution, the land can only be redeemed after the compensation, support and resettlement programs have been approved. For some specific cases, resettlement must be done before the land is removed, to ensure that the affected people have a decent place to live with equal or better conditions than their former places.
The Party Central Committee demands that amendments to the 2013 Land Law and some related laws be completed by 2023. By 2030, a synchronous legal system must be completed to prevent land wastage and resolve all land disputes that extend due to historical events. the reasons. VNS